(AGENPARL) – LONDON (UNITED KINGDOM), mar 20 ottobre 2020
Dipolar active particles describe a class of self-propelled, biological or artificial particles equipped with an internal (typically magnetic) dipole moment. Because of the interplay between self-propulsion and dipole–dipole interactions, complex collective behavior is expected to emerge in systems of such particles. Here, we use Brownian dynamics simulations to explore this collective behavior. We focus on the structures that form in small systems in spatial confinement. We quantify the type of structures that emerge and how they depend on the self-propulsion speed and the dipolar (magnetic) strength of the particles. We observe that the dipolar active particles self-assemble into chains and rings. The dominant configuration is quantified with an order parameter for chain and ring formation and shown to depend on the self-propulsion speed and the dipolar magnetic strength of the particles. In addition, we show that the structural configurations are also affected by the confining walls. To that end, we compare different confining geometries and study the impact of a reorienting ‘wall torque’ upon collisions of a particle with a wall. Our results indicate that dipolar interactions can further enhance the already rich variety of collective behaviors of active particles.
This article is Open Access