(AGENPARL) – LONDON (UNITED KINGDOM), ven 11 settembre 2020
Herein, cobalt antimonate (CoSb2O6) nanospheres were fabricated via the sol–gel spin-coating process and employed as a functional liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) sensor at room temperature (25 °C). The microstructure of the fabricated CoSb2O6 thin films (thickness ∼ 250 nm) was analyzed via scanning electron microscopy, which revealed the growth of nanospheres having an average diameter of ∼45 nm. The XRD analysis demonstrated the crystalline nature of CoSb2O6 with a crystallite size of ∼27 nm. Finally, the fabricated thin films were investigated as sensors for LPG and carbon dioxide (CO2) at room temperature (25 °C) and 55% R.H. (relative humidity) with different concentrations in the range of 1000–5000 ppm. The sensing results demonstrated greater variations in the electrical properties of films for the incoming LPG than that of the CO2 gas adsorption. Furthermore, to ensure the long-term stability of fabricated sensors, they were tested periodically at 10 days interval, spanning a total duration of 60 days. In summary, our fabricated LPG sensor displayed high sensitivity (1.96), repeatability, quick response time (21 s) and high long-term stability (99%). Therefore, CoSb2O6 nanospheres can be functionalized as a potential LPG-sensitive material characterized by high sensitivity, reliability and stability at room temperature.
This article is Open Access