(AGENPARL) – LONDON (UNITED KINGDOM), mar 19 gennaio 2021
A dual temperature-responsive triblock polymer (Poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide)-block-poly(N,N-dimethyl acrylamide)-block-poly(acrylamide-co-acrylonitrile) (P(AM-co-AN)-b-PDMA-b-PNIPAM) (NDAA) was obtained by sequential reversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization ,with the uncharged UCST temperature-sensitive block P (AM-co-AN) and the classic LCST-type temperature-sensitive block PNIPAM. This well-defined thermo-responsive copolymer with tunable compositions exhibits a dual thermal response behavior in water. Properly designing the length of the block can make the block copolymer undergo a phase transition within the envisaged temperature range. When the concentration is 5wt%, the UCST of the NDAA polymer is around 20℃, and the LCST is around 31℃. All three blocks of these polymers are soluble in water within 20℃-31℃. At high temperature, PNIPAM hydrophobically aggregates into a core, and NDAA self-assembles into a core1(PNIPAM)-shell (PDMA)-corona1(P(AM-co-AN)) structure. On the contrary, at low temperature, P(AM-co-AN) forms hydrogen bonds and is insoluble in water, and NDAA self-assembles into core2-shell-corona2 structure. In this way, it is possible to prepare spontaneously reversible micellar aggregates in water. After the concentration reaches the lowest critical concentration, the NDAA polymer can undergo a reversible gel behavior, that is, a phase transition occurs near UCST and LCST. This change in the polarity of the micelle core opens up the possibility of dissolving different compounds in water just by changing the temperature.
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